Oaxaca Culture is uniquely Mexican. This page is a guide to the culture sites, things and events that Oaxaca has to offer. Oaxaca historical and cultural heritage will truly fill your senses.
Oaxaca has an incredible historic center declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the 11 of December of 1987. The historic city has kept its architectural beauty since the XVI century. Oaxaca's streets, plazas (squares) and alamedas make together the scene of colonial times.
Oaxaca church of Santo Domingo*
Here are the most significant places within the Historic Center
La Plaza de Armas (Square)
La Plaza Alameda de Leon (Square)
La Catedral (The Cathedral)
Theater Macedonio Alcala
La Iglesia de Santo Domingo The church and convent of Santo Domingo hosts a museum, a library, a botanical garden and a book shop. This building is of special historic value, as it started construction in 1572 and ended 200 years later.
Oaxaca convent of Santo Domingo*
Here are other significant religious sites in Oaxaca
The Temple of Carmen Alto
The Temple of Patrocinio
The Temple of La Merced
The Temple of San Agustin
The Temple of La Comapañia
The Temple of San Francisco
The Temple of La Defensa
The Basilica of La Virgen de la Soledad
The Chapel of El Sagrado Corazon de Jesus
The Chapel of El Calvario
Oaxaca archeology Monte Alban*
It was the most important city of the Zapotec culture. This was one of the first civilizations developed in the Mesoamerica region. The culture established 500 A.C. and had its peak in the year 750 d.C. The Zapotecs settled in the Oaxaca valley and had political, economical and ideological power over the neighbor communities that inhabited the region.
The main constructions are La Gran Plaza (The Great Square), Juego de Pelota (Ball Game), Sistema II (System II), Los Danzantes (The Dancers), El Palacio (The Palace), Plataforma Sur (South Plataform), Edicifios "J", "G", "H" (Buildings "J", "G", "H").
It was the second most important center in the region after Monte Alban. The place was a religious center. The Mixtec people took control of the city from the Zapotecs around the year 1000 AD. The word Mitla originate from the nahuatl and it means "Place for the death".
It was also a city of the Zapotec culture with a ceremonial center, a fortress and a residential area. The site is particularly important because there is evidence of the earliest occupation by nomad tribes from 3000 BC.
This city was the last capital of the Zapotec culture. There is evidence that the site was under control of the Mixtecs.
This site has extensive cultural wonders. This town was unique as it was a producer and exporter of salt obtained by evaporating water in big ceramic pieces from the salt water river.
This is a site with astonishing architectural beauty.
San Pedro y San Pablo Etla
San Pedro y San Pablo Teposcolula
Santo Domingo Yanhuitlan
San Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca
Also called Los Lunes del Cerro (Monday's Hills) is one of the most representatives festivals of Oaxaca culture. The festival comes live in the month of July, the 8 regions of Oaxaca get together to exchange their traditional customs. There is dancing in groups, food, and crafts. The cultural richness still holds since the entire festival is enacted by truly indigenous groups.
Noche de Rabanos
The literal translation is Night of the Radish. During this pre-Christmas festival which occurs on December 23rd every year, there is a combination of folk art and food.